Constipation is a condition where stools (poo) are not passed as regularly as normal, the stools are large, and going to the toilet is painful. Sometimes a baby can have frequent loose stools that also can mean constipation, according to Pregnancy Birth and Baby. It is quite rare in the case for breastfed baby. On the other hand, it is more common in babies who have been introduced to solids and sometimes formula.
Here’s what you can do to alleviate your baby’s constipation.
1. Increase water consumption
If your baby is showing signs of constipation, try giving her an additional 2-4 ounces (1/4-1/2 cup) of water after each feeding to help bowels flush properly.
2. Change your baby’s formula
If your baby is on formula, you may want to consult your doctor in switching to a different brand. Every baby reacts differently to the ingredients of different type of formula.
3. Massage your baby’s belly
Gently massage your baby’s tummy. With your baby on her back, place your hand on her belly button. Using a clockwise motion, massage your baby’s tummy in ever bigger circles.
4. Offer fruit juice
Prune juice has a natural laxative effect. Pear or apple juices also work well to relieve minor constipation. You can add a little prune juice to formula or breast milk if your baby is at least 4 weeks old.
5. Some exercise for your baby
Gently move your baby’s legs in a cycling motion as if she were pedaling a bicycle. This may help stimulate her bowels. Alternatively, if your baby’s a crawler, encourage her to do a few laps.
6. A warm bath
For babies that are constipated, a warm bath can relax the rectal muscles that have been tensed from the pain of constipation.
7. Consult your baby’s doctor
Talk to your baby’s doctor about other treatment options. Ask about using an over-the-counter stool softener to make it more comfortable for your baby to have a bowel movement.
Baby’s nails are soft and delicate. They grow fast, too. Especially the finger nails. So parents are required to trim their baby’s nails once a week, on average. Even if you have a new born at home, their nails can cause some serious scratching, to themselves, you, or anyone else within arm’s reach. No doubt putting on mittens can be the short-term solution. But keeping those tiny nails trimmed instead can make the world of difference.
Cutting or trimming baby’s nails can be tricky and terrifying for most parents. Especially the first time parents. Here’s a list of tips you can look at and become an expert in trimming your baby’s nails in no time.
1. Use baby nail clippers
There are nail clippers that are specially made for baby nails. Make sure gently clip along the white line of your baby’s finger nail and do it bits by bits so that you do not over cut your baby finger nails.
2. File the nails
If you are too scared to use a nail clipper, your alternative is to file the nails. This is probably the safest and easy way to avoid over cutting of your baby’s nails. Be careful no to harm the soft skin underneath. Avoid using metal nail filer as they are too harsh for a baby.
3. Clip while the baby sleeps
The best way to go through this process of clipping is when your baby is asleep. This can minimize accidental cuts as your baby is not moving. This can ensure that you clip your baby’s nails safely. However, even when they’re sleeping, make sure you have a firm grip on your baby’s hand or feet while you are clipping the nails.
4. Cut after baby’s bath
You can try cutting your baby’s nails immediately after bath. This is because bathing makes the nails soft and easy to cut.
5. Create distraction
If at all you need to clip your baby’s nails while they are awake, make sure to create a distraction. If for some reason they do tense up, make sure you give your baby a break to calm down before you try again.
Diaper rash is a common condition that affects most babies at some point, no matter how careful you are. The rash is harmless though, if treated. Most babies will stop having the rash once they are toilet trained.
Diaper rash can happen for a number of reasons.
1. Leaving a wet or dirty diaper on too long
Even the most absorbent diaper leaves some moisture on your child’s skin. That is why babies with frequent bowel movements or diarrhea are more prone to diaper rash.
2. Rubbing against the diaper itself
Your baby may have allergic reaction to the diaper. For example, fragrances in a disposable diaper or the laundry detergent used to wash a cloth diaper.
3. Starting on solid foods or try new food
According to Baby Center, any new food your baby intakes changes the composition of the stool, and the acids in certain foods (such as strawberries and fruit juices) can be especially troublesome for some babies. It also increases the frequency of your baby’s bowel movements.
4. Bacterial or yeast infection
The diaper area is warm and moist. It is easy for a bacterial or yeast infection to flourish there and cause a rash, especially in the cracks and folds of your baby’s skin.
How can parents prevent diaper rash?
Keep your baby dry and fresh. Thoroughly clean and air-dry the diaper area at each changing. And change baby’s diaper frequently, 8 to 10 times a day is normal. Also, make sure that you did not fasten the diapers too tightly.
Besides that, you can apply barrier cream on baby’s diaper area to protect skin from urine and stool. Also, from time to time, give your baby some naked time. This it to allow some air time to expose your baby’s bare bottom to keep it dry.
Being pregnant while traveling can be stressful, but it should not be a barrier for mum-to-be to travel. Unless you are experiencing a high-risk pregnancy. The key thing is to talk to your doctor about it, choose a destination which allows for lots of rest and relaxation.
Doing a little extra preparations beforehand can go a long way to reducing discomforts for your journey. Here are 5 travel tips to help make travel during pregnancy a little easier.
1. Time it well
Medical emergencies are likely to happen during first and third trimester, the best time to travel is during the second trimester. Though every pregnancy is different, for most women, the second trimester is the best time to travel as their morning sickness has generally subsided. That doesn’t mean that you cannot travel during the rest of your pregnancy. Speak to your doctor before planning your trip. Also, do check with the airline prior to booking flights to see their policies for pregnant travelers, if you are planning a trip overseas.
2. Prenatal documentations
Bring along a copy of your maternity notes, in case you do need to be admitted to hospital. Consult your doctor about warning signs and things to look out for prior to your departure.
3. Travel insurance
Travel insurance is vital for any overseas vacation, but even more so for expecting women. Make sure the policy covers pregnancy complications as well as emergency medical transport from your chosen destination(s).
Pack a sufficient pregnancy specific medical kit with supplies of prescription medications to treat common pregnancy ailments like heartburns, oral rehydration salts, pregnancy multi-vitamins. Especially if you’re going someplace where those medications aren’t readily available. Keep the pregnancy specific medical kit in your carry-on luggage.
5. Eat smart
Use bottled water and avoid eating food that could have been washed in tap water, regardless of whether the tap water is considered “safe”. And make sure that meat and seafood is fresh and cooked thoroughly.
Choosing a name for your little one is a big challenge. Are you looking for a unique and edgy name for your one-of-a-kind daughter? Are you are after names with the cool letter “X” in it? If your answer is yes, then this is for you.
Check out our list of these X-ceptional baby girl names that will add some extra spice to your naming process of your little princess.
Meaning: Famous in war.
Meaning: Protector of plants, flowers.
Meaning: Dawn of day.
Meaning: To defend.
Meaning: Woodland dweller.
Meaning: Praise be to God.
Meaning: She that is most beautiful.
Baby names with the letter ‘X’ seem to be unique and trendy. Not only that, it sounds exotic too. If you need some inspirations for these unique and cool names perfect for trendsetting baby boys, then this is for you.
Check out our picks for some of the coolest baby boy names with the X-factor!
Meaning: Defending men.
Meaning: Happy, fortunate.
Meaning: Inhospitable place.
Meaning: Son of Jack.
Meaning: Round hill.
Meaning: Son of Madoc.
Meaning: Great stream.
Meaning: Defending men.
Origin: Basque or Arabic
Meaning: New house or bright.
Throughout pregnancy, breakfast could be the toughest meal to choke down. As most pregnant women may suffer nauseous and tired and just have no room to think about anything in the morning. If that’s the case, smoothies may be your solution. One of the best things about smoothies is that you can incorporate so many amazing ingredients that you can start the day off nutritiously.
Smoothies are great to be served as healthy snacks throughout the day, not only breakfast, as it’s loaded with nutrients that you and your baby need during this special time.
Here are the list of healthy smoothie recipes for all the mums-to-be out there. All you need to do is to put all the ingredients in a blender and blend until smooth.
1. Strawberry smoothie
1 cup low-fat strawberry yogurt
1/2 cup orange juice
1/2 cup frozen, unsweetened strawberries (about 5 whole)
Heartburn (also known as acid reflux) is the fiery sensation that happens which often extends from the bottom of the breastbone to the lower throat. Most moms-to-be experience heartburn at some point during pregnancy. Even though heartburn during pregnancy is pretty common and generally harmless, it can be quite uncomfortable.
According to Fit Pregnancy and Baby, heartburn during pregnancy is common for 2 reasons. Firstly, it is the hormone relaxing. The hormone that relaxes muscles in pregnancy for easier delivery slows your digestion. Which means that your intake of food stays in your stomach longer. As a result, more acid production. Secondly, your growing baby in the uterus exerts pressure on both the stomach and lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which forcing acid into the esophagus.
Prevention is your best bet to reduce heartburn during pregnancy. Though you may not be able to avoid the condition entirely, here are some ways to soothe and minimize any discomfort you may come across during your pregnancy as a result of pregnancy related heartburn.
1. Eat small meals
An overly stuffed stomach can trigger heartburn. Instead of 3 big meals a day, try to split into 5 or 6 smaller meals.
2. Glass of milk
Drinking a glass of milk or eating yogurt may help to ease heartburn symptoms. If you are lactose intolerant, try lactose free products.
3. Chew gum after meal
Saliva helps to neutralize acid. By chewing some gum, it stimulates your salivary gland.
4. Sleep propped up
Elevate your upper body to about 6 to 8 inch while you sleep. This helps to keep stomach acid stays down and ease digestion.
5. Eliminate trigger foods or drinks
Know your trigger and keep them away. Things to avoid during pregnancy include carbonated drinks, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, mint products, processed meats, and foods that are fatty, spicy, fried, or highly seasoned.
6. Wear comfortably
Avoid tight clothing, which puts more pressure on your abdomen and can aggravate reflux. Opt for loose fitting maternity wear.
7. Sleep smart – lay on your left side
According to MedicineNet, lying on the left side at night may decrease acid reflux. In this position, it is physically more difficult for acid to reflux into the esophagus.
Your baby needs strong muscles to hold up her head, roll over, sit up, crawl, and eventually walk. In addition to that, physical activity pays off in the form of more restful sleep, less fussiness, and a happy infant who is eager to play and learn, says Meena Chintapalli, M.D., a pediatrician in San Antonio. So, it is important to build baby’s strength to enhance their physical development.
Be your little one’s personal trainer today and try out these simple exercises that will help your little one grow up big and strong.
1. Tummy time
Babies spend most of the time on their back. Turning your baby over on his stomach helps to build muscles. When your baby is on his belly, he has to look up, left, and right to see people and objects around him. By doing this, it allows him to strengthens his neck, shoulders, and trunk. Later on, these muscles development will let him sit up.
Daily, supervised tummy time can begin as early as his first day home from the hospital, according to American Academy of Pediatrics. You can start off with a couple of three to five minute sessions at the beginning. Place your baby tummy down on a blanket or play mat on the floor, get down on your own stomach to keep him company. Smile, talk, sing, make funny faces, jiggle a set of keys, or put a toy within his grasp. Good way to bond with your little one, too. As his strength and tolerance increases, gradually work up to at least 20 minutes of tummy play each day. Continue even after he’s able to roll over on his own.
Have your baby in a sitting up position is another way to strengthen the muscles in her shoulders, core, arms, and back, says Steve Sanders, Ed.D., author of Encouraging Physical Activity in Infants. Your Baby will naturally flex her abdominal muscles and try to keep her head in alignment with her body, even though you will be the one that is pulling her. This helps to strengthen the muscles and build balance.
You can start doing sit-up exercises around 6 weeks. This exercise is fun for your baby since she’s getting closer to your face, and you can make it even more entertaining by singing a song perhaps.
Cycle your baby’s legs appears to be a good way to work the legs, hips, knees, and abs. This move helps increase flexibility as well as his range of motion. “Put your baby on his back and gently move his legs up and around, as if he were pedaling a bicycle,” says Dr. Chintapalli. You can top that that by making some noises while you do the motion. Repeat the movement three to five times, take a break, and then repeat. Keep going as long as your baby shows interest by smiling, making eye contact, and kicking.
4. Weight lifting
Picking up objects is a great way to build your baby’s grasping ability, improve hand-eye coordination, and help develop the muscles in her shoulders, arms, and hands, says Angela Thacker, regional director of The Little Gym, a national chain of children’s gyms. By 3 or 4 months old, your baby will be able to start grasping at items, small toys, and other objects of varying sizes and shapes. These will be her personal weights. Encourage her to lift one, check it out, put it down, and then lift it again or move on to a different one. This can keep her entertained for a little while if her “weights” make a sound, light up, or offer some other reward for a job well done.
5. Twist and roll
Normally your baby will be able to roll from her tummy to her back around 4 months. And for the reverse movement, from her back to her tummy around 5 months. This takes a great deal to develop abdominal strength that you can help her build by encouraging her to initiate the movement.
While she’s on her tummy, hold her favorite toy in front of her for her to reach out. When she reaches for it, move it so it is on one side of her head. This is to get her to twist her body as she reaches for it, which will eventually lead to her rolling over.
For every parent, especially if you are new to parenthood, you will want to have at least one first-aid kit for your little one at home, one in the car, and a small one in your diaper bag so it’s always with you even when you are outside. These supplies are not just for emergencies or first-aid, they are also keeping your baby comfortable, healthy and happy on a daily basis.
Here is the list of the essential items for your first-aid kit supplies to deal with minor medical problems at home or while traveling. And don’t forget to revisit them from time to time to discard anything that’s expired and restock anything you’ve used!
This must have item comes in handy when your baby is having fever and you need to monitor the temperature. Some baby run a low fever when they are teething. You may need rubbing alcohol for sterilizing the thermometer and other tools.
2. Prescriptions of medications
Be sure to have a copy of the prescriptions from your doctor along with the doctor’s contact number.
3. Antiseptic cream
This helps to heal cuts and scrapes. Also, it keeps them free from infection.
4. Sterile/ sensitive bandages
Get some adhesive bandage strips and a variety of sizes and shapes on hand. However, do be aware that never put a bandage strip on your child’s fingers or any area that might be sucked on as it may become a choking hazard.
You can use it to remove splinters.
6. Nappy rash cream
A nappy rash cream is a changing table must-have.
7. Cotton balls
You will some sterile cotton balls for washing small cuts and bruises. And also cotton swabs for cleaning the outer area of your baby’s nose and ears.
8. Baby pain relief
Baby pain relief can be used from 1 month old to help bring down temperature, ease teething or soothe the symptoms of first colds.
9. Baby insects repellent
Apply to clothing and some skin area before going outside for some outdoor activities.
10. Baby sunscreen
Use only baby or children’s varieties.
11. Cold pack
Cold pack reduces swelling from bumps, bites, and minor burns.
12. Hand sanitizer
This is an essential for you, not the baby! It is the best and quickest way to keep hands clean and germ-free between nappy changes or before and after handling your baby.